‘You also see that training is more effective than nature for good’
When wanting to bring in new laws into Sparta (The ones we know them for there strict discipline and lifestyle)
Lycurgus bought into two dogs (from the same stock apparently) and trained one to hunt and let the other life as a neutered house dog,
Then to prove a point that his new rules would be best for Sparta he would get the dogs to catch a hare. The one that was trained to hunt obviously overpowered the hare whilst the nurtured one wagged its tail probably (Couple of thousand years ago I wasn’t there)
Someone then accused Lycurgus of using dogs from different stock and the one that won was from a breed of hunters.
So Lycurgus switched the dog’s roles and let the one from the hunting stock live as a house dog and trained the house dog as a hunter.
After some time he did another showcase and this time the newly trained dog outperformed the dog from the good stock.
He then came out with the following –
“So also in our case, fellow-citizens, noble birth, so admired of the multitude, and our being descended from Heracles does not bestow any advantage, Bunless we do the sort of things for which he was manifestly the most glorious and most noble of all mankind, and unless we practise and learn what is good our whole life long.”
He’s saying it doesn’t matter where your from, how talented you were born, if you do not work at a something you will not get better at it or you won’t stay very talented for long.
Basically The ‘Well they have good genetics’ ‘They were born with skill’ excuses was debunked thousands of years ago.
If you want something you have to work at it, your whole life.